Welcome to our round-up of the updates to The Africanist’s library of articles and links related to all things Africa and its diaspora.
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There are six new articles.
The first is by Chamion Caballero on Interraciality in Early Twentieth Century Britain. This article dispels the notion that the existence of a mixed race population is a recent phenomenon by evidencing the long and complex history of interracial relationships throughout British life from the highlands of Scotland to Cornwall. This article tracks through time, showing that racial mixing has often been thought of as ordinary despite public perception at various points in time.
The second article is on The National Museum of African American History and Culture website and details the Black Panther movement. Having formed in 1966 as a measure of self defence to protect Black citizens from brutality, the Party is known to have become the most influential militant Black power organisation which wanted to change American society fundamentally beyond the idea of integration. However the article has illustrations and film showing their wider remit in providing community service programs which included providing food, clothing and transportation.
The next article has been chosen as it picks up on this thread. The richly resourced website Proquest has a page on Civil Rights and Black Power Movements (1946-1975). This page outlines the civil rights legislation, legal cases, protests and organisations that were prevalent over the four decades typified mainly by non-violent tactics to challenge white supremacy.
The fourth article by Tim Whewell is on the poisoning of the Caribbean islands by carcinogenic pesticide. He outlines the possible connection between the use of the pesticide chlordecone which was encouraged for use in banana plantations and the high incidence of prostate cancer. This is poignant given that the paradise beauty of the French Caribbean islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe already bely their awful history of enslavement. The sense of injustice has re-emerged for the affected islanders who feel that their wellbeing, and the poisoning of their soil and water supplies was deemed irrelevant in the push for profits.
In the next article, the discourse about delivering Black History in education is picked up by Miranda Kaufmann. This article evidences why there is the need for Black history to be taught as part of the national curriculum. It offers a wealth of links and ideas from many sources discussing reasons to support that change and it directs interested practitioners to relevant resources. This piece also looks at ’17 Ways to Get More Black British History into our Classrooms’.
The sixth article links also to the featured podcast and is by Jason Silverstein on How racism is bad for our bodies. In a time where numerous reports are commissioned with little action on the outcomes, the issue of how stress impacts disproportionally on the health of minority groups has been spoken about for a considerable time and has been evidenced across the world. This US study shows the link between the racism of the practice of stop and search as an example of stress to the increased prevalence of depression, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, breast cancer, the common cold and mortality rates. It finds that not only does the stress cause the body to break down but it pushes people to cope in more unhealthy ways. Linked to this is the more recent work of David Williams in the featured podcast below.
- To see these and all other articles, visit articles on the Publications page
One new podcast has been added – a discussion featuring David Williams by Kings Fund podcast on racism, discrimination and the impact they have on health. Williams talks about the impact of actual and potential threat of racism on health. He argues that there is now evidence that Black people are prematurely ageing or ‘biologically weathering’ by a rate of 7.5 years more than white people of the same chronological age as a result of their lived experiences. He is known for developing the Everyday Discrimination Scale in the US which can be applied anywhere.
The new directory addition is the ProQuest Black Freedom website which was developed to provide the information needed to enable some progress towards change by focussing on Black Freedom. It has primary source documents related to people and events in African American history. Its interest is in enabling learning that is routed in the ongoing racial injustice in the U.S. and the fight against it.
- Articles – Interraciality, Black Panthers, Civil Rights and Black Power, Carcinogenic pesticides, Black history in education, racism and health
- Podcasts – Discrimination and health
- ProQuest – Black Freedom
Submissions and feedback
If you have a link or resource that you’d like us to feature, or some feedback on our website, we’d appreciate it if you’d contact us.
Image – washing using a calabash (credit: Holly Walton)