Website additions for week ending 8th December 2019.



There are four additions to the film section this week. The first is about West Africa’s new currency. This follows a 30-year discussion about the possibility of West Africa adopting one currency which may become a real prospect thereby ending France’s dominance in Africa. This would introduce the new Eco as a replacement for the CFA Franc.

The next two feature actor Lucian Msamati. First, Msamati reads Nelson Mandela’s speech ‘I am Prepared to Die’ which Mandela first gave on 20 April 1964 from the dock as a defendant at the Rivonia Trial. The second sees Msamati reading Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart on 12 April 2018.

The fourth addition is a reading from University of Washington professor Robin DiAngelo from her book White Fragility: Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism. She discusses how white people can develop their capacity to engage more constructively across race.


The first new article brings an insight into the reality of ‘code switching’ and how that can impact on the well-being of Black people. Code switching explains the need to alter one’s speech, appearance and behaviour to fit into expected norms within one’s environment. This might be in a social, professional or everyday context, and can have a psychological impact on individuals.

The second article is a disturbing account about how the American government wilfully used Black soldiers as human guinea pigs for a whole host of chemical weapon testing programmes without their knowledge and consent. The tests were unethical and focused on the racial differences of the victims.


This week we have added a link to The Institute of Race Relations which analyses institutionalised racism in Britain and the rest of Europe. It seeks to reflect the experiences of those who suffer racial oppression.

This week’s additions


  • 4 Films (West Africa’s new currency, Lucian Msamati speech by Nelson Mandela and Chinua Achebe, White Fragility)
  • 2 Articles (Code switching, soldiers as human guinea pig)


  • 1 entry (The Institute of Race Relations)

Image – Tree top canopy at Kakum National Park, Ghana (Credit: Holly Walton)